The programmes of study within the new National Curriculum set out expectations at the end of each Key Stage (KS). Schools that follow the National Curriculum are free to develop a curriculum relevant to their pupils that teaches this content.
Each school's curriculum must include an assessment system that allows it "to check what pupils have learned and whether they are on track to meet expectations at the end of the Key Stage and to report regularly to parents”.
Each year group now has a list of objectives which are entitled ‘age related expectations’, and reporting will allow parents to see whether their child is working towards, has met or is exceeding the new age related expectations. The new terminology is as follows:
Emerging – Working towards age related expectations
Expected – Working at age related expectations
Exceeding – Working beyond age related expectations